Stormwater

Stormwater management is a core responsibility of the Town. The Town’s stormwater infrastructure helps to manage runoff, minimize the risk of flooding and erosion to protect people and properties, and protect our natural environment through mitigation of urban impacts on water quality. The Town is committed to providing safe and effective management of stormwater runoff while maintaining, and where possible improving, ecosystem health. 

The Town is responsible for managing stormwater infrastructure within municipally owned lands, or where there is an easement, in three ways:

  1. The planning, design and approval of municipal stormwater infrastructure. A responsibility led by Development Engineering.
  2. Routine and preventative maintenance over the life of the stormwater infrastructure. A responsibility led by Operations.
  3. Renewal and replacement of infrastructure at life cycle milestones. A responsibility led by Engineering Capital, Design and Construction.

Stormwater management is a shared responsibility. Within the Caledon, homeowners, the Region of Peel, and Conservation Authorities also play an important role. Homeowners are responsible for stormwater on their property, the Region of Peel approves, operates and maintains municipal stormwater management infrastructure within Regional Roads, and Conservation Authorities are responsible for rivers and streams.

The Region of Peel, in collaboration with the Town of Caledon, City of Brampton and City of Mississauga, has developed a guide to flood prevention and recovery for residential customers. The guide can be accessed at the following link: https://www.peelregion.ca/water/_media/flood-booklet.pdf

 What is stormwater?
Stormwater is runoff generated from rainfall and snowmelt that runs off of lawns, streets, parking lots, and impervious surfaces. Management of stormwater is necessary to protect people, properties and the natural environment. 
 Why do we manage stormwater?

When rain falls in natural environments, much of it is infiltrated through the soil and slowly discharged into local streams.

 

 

When rain falls in urban environments, much of it is not infiltrated. This is because roofs, roads, sidewalks and other impervious surfaces do not allow rain to infiltrate into the soil.

  • Instead, stormwater runs off these surfaces, picks up pollutants, and is discharged rapidly to local streams.
  • Also, urban stormwater runoff results in poor groundwater recharge.

 

 

Poor stormwater management leads to erosion, poor water quality, pollution and property damage caused by flooding. In order to mitigate the undesirable impacts of urbanization stormwater management practices are implemented to preserve the natural hydrologic cycle, and protect and enhance stormwater quality before it outlets to the natural environment.

 How does the Town manage stormwater?

Caledon is uniquely positioned in the headwaters of the Credit, Humber and Etobicoke Rivers with much of the landscape and its thriving environment influenced by the ecologically and hydrologically significant natural and scenic features of the Niagara Escarpment and Oak Ridges Moraine.

 

Together with the Oak Ridges Moraine Conservation Plan, the Niagara Escarpment Plan and Watershed Plans, the Greenbelt Plan provides direction on the protection of the key natural features that comprise the Caledon landscape. With this unique geographical position, the Town works to manage the impacts of growth in line with each plan and is committed to sustaining the health of the natural landscape by working closely with Conservation Authorities.

 

The Town’s stormwater management infrastructure helps to manage runoff and minimize the risk of flooding. As the impacts of climate change continue to be felt, Caledon is expecting increased frequency and severity of rainstorms and droughts.

 

Changing precipitation patterns and Caledon’s continued growth require that the Town apply a treatment train approach to stormwater management. The treatment train approach involves managing rainfall at the lot level, along the conveyance path, and at the end-of-pipe to meet multiple objectives for quantity, quality and erosion control.

 

The use of a treatment train approach to stormwater management provides the redundancy necessary to building a sustainable Caledon. In addition to managing stormwater through a treatment train approach in new developments, the Town will continue to improve the operation and maintenance of stormwater throughout the existing urban network by including innovating practices in our older areas as opportunities arise.

 

Town's Stormwater Infrastructure

The Town’s stormwater system is comprised of a series of ditches, catchbasins, manholes, storm sewers, stormwater facilities and outfalls. The Town’s system is specifically comprised of:

  • 1090.3 km of roadside ditches
  • 243 km of storm sewer
  • 5863 catchbasins
  • 3012 Maintenance Holes
  • 289 Outfalls
  • 19 Low impact development facilities
  • 55 Wet Ponds
  • 19 Dry Ponds
  • 11 Infiltration Ponds
  • 17 Manufactured Treatment Devices (OGS, Jellyfish)

Drinking water and sanitary services in Caledon are provided by the Region of Peel.

The Region of Peel also manages stormwater on Regional Roads. For more information on the Region of Peel's Stormwater Master Plan, please visit this link: https://www.peelregion.ca/pw/transportation/residents/sw-road-infrastructure.asp

Catchbasins
Catchbasins are like a bathtub drains. They are typically placed at the curbside of streets and have a grated cover. They allow stormwater that runs off of imp